Analytical chemistry council


(Metody i Ob''ekty Himicheskogo Analiza)

An international journal devoted to all aspects of Analytical chemistry

ISSN 2413-6166 (Online), ISSN 1991-0290 (Print)

Kiev University

Home Current issueArchiveCall for papars Contact us


Cloud Point Pre-concentration Coupled With Ultrasound-assisted Back Extraction of Permethrin and alfa-Cypermethrin for GC-FID Determination in Waters and Foods

V.O. Doroschuk*, T.V. Kyrychuk, V.M. Levchyk

* Corresponding author

Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Chemistry, Taras Shevchenko Kyiv University, Volodymyrska Str. 64, Kyiv, 01033, Ukraine;

Methods Objects Chem. Anal., 2018, 13(4), p. 160-166

Buy Article:

2 USD plus tax


preview the article


A new method of cloud point extraction coupled with ultrasound-assisted back extraction that is followed by GC-FID determination of permethrin and α-cypermethrin in waters, vegetables, and fruits was developed. The effect of several parameters on the extraction process, such as the concentration of Triton X-114, pH, incubation time, equilibration temperature and centrifuging parameters were studied and optimized. The complete extraction of pesticides with using 0.5 % solution of Triton X-114 at phase separation temperature of 40 C is observed in the pH range from 2.0 to 9.0 when both analytes are present in the solution in electroneutral form. The surfactant-rich phases were formed by centrifuging solutions at 4000 rpm for 10 min. The method was validated and characterized by the following metrological parameters: for permethrin LOD (3σ) - 0.12 μg/ml, LOQ (10σ) - 0.38 μg/ml, working range 0.38 - 2.0 μg/ml; for α-cypermethrin LOD (3σ) - 0.04 μg/ml, LOQ (10σ) - 0.13 μg/ml, working range - 0.13 - 2.0 μg/ml. The procedure was used to determine permethrin and α-cypermethrin in potatoes, cabbage, pepper, table beets and apples after their treatment with commercial preparations of pesticides. The obtained results show that the sensitivity, metrological characteristics, ecological safety, simplicity and convenience of the suggested procedure exceed published methods that are based on pesticides extraction using organic solvents.

Keywords: cloud point extraction, gas chromatography, permethrin, α-cypermethrin, non-ionic surfactants

Article language: Rus

Publisher:Taras Shevchenko National University, Kiev Ukraine

(Analytical chemistry department at Taras Shevchenko National University, 64 Vladimirskaya STR., Kiev, 01601 UKRAINE),, +380-44-2393345

Papers published in Methods and Objects of Chemical Analysis are considered as publications suitable for PhD thesis

The journal website: